It is a potential space in the side of the head, and is paired on either side. This area has complex anatomy with communications to many surrounding areas. Study flashcards on anatomy the face, temporal fossa, infratemporal fossa at. Maxillary division of trigeminal nerve v2 or vb maxillary nerve anatomy medical animations duration. Jun 08, 2018 an infratemporal fossa approach is a complex procedure that involves significant time, effort, and cost. The infratemporal fossa is the space underneath the base of the skull, between ramus of the mandible and the side wall of the pharynx. Although controversy exists about the exact boundaries of the infratemporal fossa, we define it as the area bounded anteriorly by the posterolateral aspect of the maxilla and the inferior orbital fissure fig. The infratemporal fossa approach to the lateral skull base and. It is closely associated with both the temporal and pterygopalatine fossae and acts as a conduit for neurovascular structures entering and leaving the cranial cavity. You may not embed one of our images on your web page without a link back to our site. Jul 04, 2016 the infratemporal fossa itf has been a challenging area for clinicians for a long time. Surgical anatomy of the infratemporal fossa integrates the basic clinical and surgical anatomy of the regions.
Microsurgical anatomy of the infratemporal fossa request pdf. Accurate assessment of disease spread is limited by the edema of tissue, and the area has a tendency to bleed heavily during surgery. Deep face, infratemporal fossa dissection instructions. Learn infratemporal fossa with free interactive flashcards.
The infratemporal fossa, also known as infratemporal or zygomatic region, is a space normally not explorable because it is medial to the mandibular branch. Pdf temporal craniotomy for surgical access to the. Pdf on jun 30, 2009, huseyin avni balcioglu and others published surgical anatomy of the infratemporal fossa. The infratemporal fossa itf gives passage to most major cerebral vessels and cranial nerves. Grays surgical anatomy 1st edition pdf free pdf epub. Our results indicate that the transmaxillary approach is a minimally invasive procedure that gives an appropriate window to the structures of the retroantral space and to the pterygomaxillary fissure and pterygopalatine fossa.
Microanatomy and surgical approaches to the infratemporal. The infratemporal space also termed the infra temporal space or the infra temporal portion of the deep temporal space is a fascial space of the head and neck sometimes also termed fascial spaces or tissue spaces. The infratemporal fossa is a complex area located at the base of the skull, deep to the masseter muscle. Surgical anatomy of the infratemporal fossa integrates the basic clinical and surgical anatomy of the regions, and it explores anatomy, local anesthesia, spread of infection, trauma, tumors, surgical access and pain. Surgical landmarks of the infratemporal fossa sciencedirect. Bhanu prakash usmle, fmge and neet pg 7,960 views 4. The infratemporal fossa borders contents teachmeanatomy. It arises posterior to the neck of the mandible and is divided into three parts based on its relation to the lateral pterygoid muscle. Jun 08, 2018 in 1961, fairbanksbarbosa was the first to report an infratemporal fossa itf approach, indicated for advanced tumors of the maxillary sinus. Dec 05, 2002 surgical management of the infratemporal fossa langdon, john d. Cranial base surgery infratemporal fossa maxillary sinus pterygopalatine fossa surgical anatomy. To middle cranial fossa transmits middle meningeal artery orbit o inferior orbital fissure transmits infraorbital nerve, artery and vein, zygomatic branch of v2 pterygopalatine fossa sphenopalatine fossa, located medial to infratemporal fossa o pterygomaxillary fissure doorway between infratemporal fossa and pterygopalatine fossa.
To explain the general concepts in clinical anatomy, especially in the field of maxillofacial surgery, in an understandable way is quite troblesome. The types of structures contained within the infratemporal fossa include muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. Choose from 500 different sets of infratemporal fossa flashcards on quizlet. It describes in detail and in colour throughout the full range of the infratemporal fossa alongside carefully selected and appealing cadaver and surgery photos, radiographs and illustrations.
It is superior to the infratemporal fossa which lies beneath the zygomatic arch. Nov 02, 2016 temporal fossa anatomy, contents and pathology in anatomy tags temporal fossa, temporal fossa anatomy, temporal fossa contents, tigeminal nerve november 2, 2016 1514 views hamza khan the temporal fossa is a shallow depression on the temporal lines and one of the be massive marks on the skull. Extent of exposure is shown through the 2 corridors. Infratemporal fossa approaches to the jugular foramen. Instant anatomy is a specialised web site for you to learn all about human anatomy of the body with diagrams, podcasts and revision questions. Jan 01, 2010 endoscopic approach to the infratemporal fossa. Surgical management of tumors involving the infratemporal fossa can be. The infratemporal fossa is a complex space of the face that lies posterolateral to the maxillary sinus and many important nerves and vessels traverse it gross anatomy. Mar 19, 2020 the temporal fossa is a depression on the temporal region and one of the largest landmarks on the skull.
Grays surgical anatomy pdf 1st edition download free ebooks. This type of anatomical knowledge is essential to choosing the best approach to treat lesions in this area. Infratemporal fossa an overview sciencedirect topics. Mar 28, 2020 the infratemporal fossa is a cavity with an irregular shape located below the zygomatic arch, also known as the cheek bone. As the authors note, however, it is a useful structure for identifying and accessing the internal jugular vein, ica, and lower cranial nerves. Anatomy and surgical approaches to orbit, infratemporal fossa and temporomandibular joint parigi 47 june 2012 universite paris descartes institut danatomie course directors. Microanatomy and surgical approaches to the infratemporal fossa. Together via a gap deep to the zygomatic arch it interacts with the temporal fossa. The temporal bone, the sphenoid bone, the parietal bone and the frontal bone contribute to its concave wall. Some authors refer to the itf as the region below the greater wing of the sphenoid bone 14, 27, lateral to the medial pterygoid muscle and the lateral pterygoid plate. Note the attachment to the zygomatic arch is by two layers, one attaching to the outer surface of. Surgical anatomy of the infratemporal fossa using the transmaxillary. Its also called the parapharyngeal space or lateral pharyngeal space. Temporal craniotomy for surgical access to the infratemporal.
Temporal craniotomy for surgical access to the infratemporal fossa article pdf available in skull base 202. Variants of the infratemporal fossa approaches are classified as. The styloid diaphragm is a poorly understood anatomic landmark by most neurosurgeons. Clean and study the temporal fascia which covers the contents of temporal fossa as it attaches to the superior temporal line and zygomatic arch. The infratemporal fossa itf is a continuation of the temporal fossa between the internal surface of the zygoma and the external surface of the temporal bone and greater wing of the sphenoid bone that is sitting deep to the. September 21, 2012 also at 59 minute you said that maxillary artery is a branch from the internal carotid artery, i think it is from external carotid artery. It is not fully enclosed by bone in all directions, and it contains superficial muscles that are visible during dissection after removing skin and fascia. Castelnuovo european accreditation council for continuing medical education.
The borders or walls of the infratemporal fossa are formed by bone and soft tissue. Oct 30, 2015 maxillary division of trigeminal nerve v2 or vb maxillary nerve anatomy medical animations duration. The infratemporal fossa is located below the temporal fossa and is continuous with it. Neoplastic processes involving the infratemporal fossa may originate from the tissues in the region, but more often are the result of extension from neighboring structures. Infratemporal fossa definition of infratemporal fossa by.1269 517 780 439 259 499 1136 305 937 1120 532 1201 330 793 1552 304 113 1275 930 429 392 1589 470 150 1390 226 351 446 806 909 1298 1210 743 706 540 305 950 1246